“Inflate” (hinchar) you will know. Mortals sometimes inflate (hinchar) balloons with air (hinchan con aire).
Prices sometimes inflate or go up, producing inflation (provocando la inflación).
Some politicians “inflate” (exageran) reports to give a good impression of their governance. They often inflate their achievements in order to get votes.
Politicians usually have big egos and people often say that we should not inflate their egos. “Do not inflate politicians´ egos” = no alimentes los egos de los políticos.